||Name of the village
||Name of the Mahila Sabha
||Eluru Mogaveera Grama Sabhe, Malpe
||Mogavedera Mahila Yuva Sangatane, Malpe
||Mathru Mandali, Malpe Kola
||Sitharama Mahila Sangha, Malpe Kola
||Sri Shiva Panchakshari Mathru Sangha, Malpe Kola
||Sri Jnanajyothi Mathru Sangha, Malpe Beach
||Bhakthi Udya Mathru Sangha, Thenkanidiyoor
||Sri Pandarinath Mathru Sangha, Badanidiyoor
||Mogaveera Yuva Mahila Sangatane, Gujjerbettu
||Durgalaxmi Mahila Sangha, Hoode
||Sri Sithamatha Mahila Sangha, Paduthonse, Bengre
||Kasthurba Mahila Sangha, Kodi-Bengre
||Shri Devi Jnanodya Mahila Sangha, Kanangi
Female membersa of Mogaveera community have an organization known as “Mogaveera Sthri Shakti” representing the women of all Mogaveera Kudiges of Bagwadi Hobali. Mogaveera Sthri Shakti has five “Ghatakas” (units) to serve the interests of women members.
Apex Bodies of Mahila Sabhas.
Dakshina Kannada Mogaveera Mahila Sangha:
All Mahila Sabhas of Mogaveera villages are affiliated to an apex body known as Dakshina Kannada Mogaveera Mahila Sangha. A representative of apex body of Mahila Sabha is also a member of Managing Committee of DKMMS. At present 52 (fifty two) Mogaveera Mahila Sabhas are affiliated to Dakishina Kannada Mogaveera Mahila Sangha. The list is given above. There also a few Mahila Samaja/Mathru Sangha etc. exists which are not yet affiliated to D.K.Mogaveera Mahajana Sangh, Uchila and available names are also given separately.
Bagwadi Hobali Mogaveera Mahila Sabha:
A women’s wing of Bagwadi Hobali known as “Sthri Shakti” is also in existence to encourage the women’s participation.
Branch Offices of Traditional Mogaveera Organisations
Several Grama Sabahs have their branch offices at Mumbai. These Grama Sabah branches were responsible for development in their respective villages. The list of Branch offices of Mogaveera Grama Sabhas are give below:
Mogaveera Grama Sabha Branch at Mumbai
There are 161 Mogaveera Grama Sabhas in Mangalore and Barkur Hobalies corresponding to Mangalore and Udupi Talukas. There are 79 Mogaveera Grama Sabhas from Uppal to Uppor from which villages large number of Mogaveeras reside in Mumbai. But, there are only 34 Mogaveera Grama Sabhas have their branch office at Mumbai.
Branch Office of DKMMS:
There is a Branch Office of DKMMS at Mumbai and several branch offices of Grama Sabahs are members of this institution. A list of Mogaveera Grama Sabhas having their office at Mumbai and have become member of branch office of DKMMS, Mumbai.
Important Mogaveera temples are dealt with under the hed “Mogaveera Religious Practices”. These religious places are listed here to give an overall picture.
The Mogaveera Moolasthans are dealt with under “Mogaveera Religious Practices”. These religious places are listed here to give an overall picture.
Mogaveeras are God fearing community. Praying at Bhajan Mandiras by singing bhajans was adopted long back and in many Mogaveera villages up to Bennekuduru we can find Bhajana Mandiras. Mogaveeras worship Mahalaxmi in Her many forms. Mogaveeras are also worshipping Nagadeva and Daivas who are associated with Lord Ganapathi and Lord Shiva. However, in almost in all Mogaveera Bhajana Mandiras Avataras of Vishnu, such as, Rama, Krishna, Narayana etc. are worshipped. This might be because of the influence of Madwacharya who established Shree Krishna Temple at Udupi. Mogaveera Bhajana Mandiras are owned and managed mainly by Grama Sabhas. But, there may be few built otherwise by a few Mogaveeras. Generally the bhajan takes place on Saturday night and in many a cases, the attendance in such gatherings are made compulsory by the respective Grama Sabhas. The priests in these Bhajan Mandirs are from mostly Mogaveeras community. Now, women are allowed to participate in singing bhajans at Bhajna Mandiras. The details are given in a consolidated statement below the topic “Mogaveera Bhajana Mandir /Grama Sabha Daivasthana”
Location of Mogaveera Religious places:
Many Grama Sabhas have their Grama Daivasthans (Saanas). The “Thambila”, “Dharshan Seva”, “Kola Seva” etc. are performed by Grama Sabhas with participation of all Mogaveeras. Babbarya, Jarandaya Daivas are predominantly worshipped. The details are given in a consolidated statement given below which includes the names of Mogaveera Bhajana Mandiras.
The location of Mogaveera Grama Sabha owned or associated Temples, Moolasthanas, Bhajana Mandiras and Daivasthans are listed below:
||Name of Village
||Bhajana Mandir (B.M.)
||Uppala Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Sharada Bhajana Mandira
||Shree Nagadeva Temple.
||Manjeshwara Mogaveera Sabha
||Ullal Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Rama Bhajana Mandira
||Shree Vyagra Chamundeshwari Temple.
||Jappu/Kankanady Mogaveera Sabha
||Dathathreya Bhajana Mandira
||Bolar Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Vishweshwara Bhajana Mandira
||Babbarya Daivasthana Gujaran Moolasthana Karkera Moolasthana Bolar
||Hoigebazar Mogaveera Sabha
||Padu Hoigebazar Mogaveera Sabha
||Neereshwalya Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Mahavishnu- Shyana Bhajana Mandira
||Kudroli Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Vishnu Vithoba Bhajana Mandira
||Bokapatna Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Mahavishnu Sheshasayana Bhajana Mandira
Shree Vishnu Vithoba Bhajana Mandira
||Boloor Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Mahavishnu Sheshasayana Bhajana Mandira Shree Vishnu Vithoba Bhajana Mandira
||*ShreeMarriyamma Temple (Urva)
Shree Balanjaneya Temple, Gujaran Moolasthana
||Kodikal Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Rama Bhajana Mandira
|| Shree Nagabrahma Temple/Shree Hanuman Mandir.
||Thannirubavi Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Krishna Bhajana MandiraSuvarna Moolasthana
||Koolur Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Paanduranga Bhajana Mandira
||Shriyan Moolasthana (Kadapikariya), Suvarna Moolasthana Kulai
||Pannambur Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Vishnumoorthy Bhajana Mandira
||Baikampadi Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Gopalakrishna Bhajana Mandira
||Babbarya/Bhanta Daivasthana/Pancha Daivasthasna (Posappe, Panjurli, Verthe, Kallurti, & Kalkuday)
||Hosabettu Mogaveera Sabha
||Shri Laxmi Venkatesha Prathana Mandira
||Guddekoppala Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Rama Bhajana Mandira
||Doddakopla Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Rama Bhajana Mandira
||Babbarya Daivasthana, Puthran Moolasthana (Thodambail)
||Mitrapatna Mogaveera Sabha
||Lachil Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Rama Bhajana Mandira
||Kadike Mogaveera Sabha
||Shri Radhakrishna Bhajana Mandira
||Babbarya Daivasthana, Tingalaya Moolasthana ,Salian Moolasthana
||Shree Sitarama Mandir
||Charantipete Mogaveera Sabha
||Shri Rama Bhajana Mandira
||Oderabettu Mogaveera Sabha
||Manampadi Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Vithoba Mandira
||Bappanadu Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Vithoba Bhajana Mandira
||Puthran Moolasthana (Mulky), Maindan Moolasthana (Mulky), Shree Naga Brahma Temple
||Palimar Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Seetharama Bhajana Mandira
||Mattu Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Paanduranga Bhajana Mandira
||Hejamadi Mogaveera Sabha
||Babbarya Daivasthana,Kundar Moolasthana (Hejmadi Kodi)
||Kannangar Mogaveera Sabha
||Padubidri Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Vishnu Bhajana Mandira
||Kadipatna Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Vishnu Bhajana Mandira
||Babbarya Kombu (Kodimara)
||Thenka Yarmal Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Rama Bhajana Mandira
||Bada Yarmal Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Vishnu Bhajana Mandira
||Babbarya Daivasthana ,Kanchan Moolasthana, Shriyan Moolasthana, ,Karkera Moolasthana Salian Moolasthana
||Uchila Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Vishnu Bhajana Mandira
||**Babbarya Daiva Kallu
***Shree Mahalaxmi Temple
||Moolur Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Laxminarayana Bhajana Mandira
||Kaup Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Paanduranga Bhajana Mandira
||Babbarya Daivasthana, Kotian Moolasthana
||Polipu Mogaveera Sabha
||Shri Laxminarayana Bhajana Mandira
||Kaipunjal Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Paanduranga Bhajana Mandira
||Shriyan Moolasthana (Paangal)
||Katpadi Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Pattabirama Bhajana Mandira
||Gundiyadka Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Sathyananda Bhajana Mandira
||Kote Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Pandarinatha Bhajana Mandira
||Yenegudde Mogaveera Sabha
||Shree Dathathreya Bhajana Mandira
||Eluru Mogaveera Samyuktha Sabha, Malpe
||Shree Vithobha Bhajana Mandira, Malpe
||Shree Hanuman Vithobha Bhajana Mandira, Malpe Kola
||Shree Balakara Rama Bhajana Mandira, Malpe Kola
||Shree Shiva Panchakshari Bhajana Mandira, Malpe Kola
||Shree Jnanajothi Bhajana Mandira, Malpe Beach
||Shree Bhakthi Udaya Pandarinatha Bhajana Mandira, ThenkanidiyoorBabbarya Daivasthana, Thenkanidiyoor
||Shree Mukyaprana Mandira
||Shree Pandarinatha Bhajana Mandira, Badanidiyoor
||Shree Laxmi Narayana Bhajana Mandira, Gujjerbettu
||Babbarya Daivasthana, Gujjerbettu
||Shree Hanuman Vithobha Bhajana Mandira, Hoode
||Bangera Aadi Moolasthana, Hoode
||Padu Thonse, Bengre
||Shree Rama Bhajana Mandira, Padu Thonse, Bengre.
||Shree Vittala Rukumai Bhajana Mandira, Kodi Bengre
||Shree Durga Parameshwari Temple, Kodi Bengre
||Shree Rama Mithra Bhajana Mandira, Kudurkare
||Shree Sanishwara Pooja Mandira
||Shree Devi Bhajana Mandira
||Shree Veeranjaneya Pooja Mandira
||Shree Mahavithobha Bhajana Mandira, Kallianpura
||Shree Devi Jnanodhaya Pandarinatha Bhajana Mandira
||Shree Pandarinatha Bhajana Mandira, Kanakoda
||Shree Dattathraya Bhajana Mandira, Pithrodi
||Shree Vernkataramana Bhajana Mandira, Pithrodi
||Shree Vittobha Bhajana Mandira, Sankesh
||Mumbai, Andheri west
||Shree Mahalaxmi Bajana Mandira
||Shree Laxminarayana Mandira of Shreemadhbharat Mandali
Bhajana Mandiras, Temples and Daivasthans mainly from Barkur Samyukta Patna of Barkur Hobali and Bagwadi Hobali require to be added. Effort is being made to complete this list with the help of people from the respective places.
Schools & Colleges:
Mogaveera Grama Sabhas individually or several of them are conducting schools. Many Fisheries schools (now integrated with other government schools) are supported by Grama Sabhas by constructing school building, repairing them, aiding their maintenance, granting financial help to appoint additional teachers, granting facilities and scholarship to students. Emotionally, Mogaveeras consider these Fisheries Schools as their own. In view of this, these Educational Institutions are considered under traditional Mogaveera Organisations.
Other Educational/Social Institutions:
Mogaveera Grama Sabhas and Mogaveeras in their individual capacity have started educational and other institutions for the benefit of students, such as, VyayamaShalas (popularly known as “Goda”), Ex-students associations, “Vidya Pracharaka Sanghas, Youth Organisations, Sports Orgasnisaations, Mutual benefit Funds (Marana Funds) etc. As for as possible, details of such institutions are collected and included in the following consolidated statement.
Bharat High School, Ullal may the first High School in Mogaveera Community.
Statement of Educational and Other Educational & Social Institutions.
| Sr.No || Name of Mogaveera Village. || Educational Institution || Other Institutions.
| 1 || Ullal Mogaveera Sabha || "Aided Mogaveera Higher Primary School, Aiderd Bharath High School, Bharathi English Medium Primary School, Bharathi English Medium High School, Bharath Pre-University College." || "Shree Vyagrachamundeshwari Education Trust (Regd.), Veera Maruthi Vyayama Shale, Swimmer?s Association, Mogaveera School Ex-Students Association, Brothers? Sports Club." |
| 2 || Hoigebazar Mogaveera Sabha || " Jnanodhodaya Government Higher Primary School, Government High School" || "Students? Association, Yuvaka Sangha (Male Youth Association), Yuvathi Sangha (Femal Youth Association)" |
| 3 || Nilewshwara Mogaveera Sabha || District Panchayat Higher Primary School. || |
| 4 || Bokapatna Mogaveera Sabha || || |
| 5 || Boloor Mogaveera Sabha || Anganawadi School || "Vijayavikrama Taruna Vranda (Youth Association), United Sports Club, Karavali Seva Sangha (Coastal Service Association), Adault Education Centre" |
| 6 || Kodikal Mogaveera Sabha || || "Youth Club, Students? Association, Yuvathi Mandala (Association)" |
| || Thannirubavi Mogaveera Sabha || Shree Krishna Anganawadi School || "Yuvaka/Yuvathi Mandala, Baalanjaneya Vyayama (Gym.) Shale (School), Students Aid Fund, Death Benefit Fund, School Improvement Samithi." |
| 7 || Koolur Mogaveera Sabha || Anganawadi School || "Vidyarthi (Students?) Sangha, Shree Veeramaruthi Vyayama, Shale, Yuvatghi Mandala." |
| 8 || Pannambur Mogaveera Sabha || "Smt. Padmavathi Krishnappa Master Anganawadi, Government High School, Chitrapura" || "Death Benefit Fund, Vidyarthi Sangha, Yuvaka Mandala, Veeramaruthi Vyayama Shale, Bhagya Rakshaka Trust, Janashree Vima Samsthe." |
| 9 || Baikampadi Mogaveera Sabha || "Government Higher Primary School, Government Fisheries High School." || "Shree Ramanjaneya Vyayama Shale, , Students? Association, Yuvaka/Yuvathi Mandala, ?Youngstars?(Regd)." |
| 10 || Hosabettu Mogaveera Sabha || D.K.District Panchayat Higher Primary School || "National Health League, Mogaveera Vidya Sangha, Yuvaka/Yuvathi Mandalas, Students Sports Club, Hosabettu Meenugarara Co-op. Soceity ?." |
| 11 || Guddekoppala Mogaveera Sabha || Government Higher Primary School (Suratkal) || |
| 12 || Mitrapatna Mogaveera Sabha || || "Mitrapatna Vidya Pracharaka Sangha, Gazngayya Smaraka Fund." |
| 13 || Kadike Mogaveera Sabha || || "Vidya Pracharaka Sangha, Mogaveera Jiva Vima (Life Insurance) Death Benefit Fund, Shree Anjeneya Vyayama Shale, Yuvaka/Yuvathi Mandalas, Uttama Balaga Seva Trust." |
| 14 || Mulky Samyukta Patna || "Hejmadi Kodi Fisheries Higher Primary School, Fisheries High School" || |
| 15 || Palimar Mogaveera Sabha || || "Shree Seetharama Seva Sangha, Palimar Mogaveera Vidyapracharaka Sangha, Mogaveera Death Benefit/Medical Fund." |
| 16 || Kannangar Mogaveera Sabha || || Students Scholarship Fund |
| 17 || "Kadipatna Nadipatna Vidyapracharaka Sangha, Padubidri" || Sagar Vidya Mandir High School (English Medium) || |
| 18 || Thenka Yarmal Mogaveera Sabha || "Govt. Higher Primary School, Govt. High School. " || |
| 19 || Bada Yarmal Mogaveera Sabha || "Udupi Dist. Panchayat Higher Primery School, Government High School, Government Pre-University College" || "Hale Vidyarthi (Ex-Students?) Sangha, Vidyodhaya Sangh, Mogaveera Paraspara Sahakara (mutual co-operative) Death Benefit Fund, Bada Yermal Meenugarara Co-operative Society (Reg.), Meenugara Mahileyara Co-op. Soceity (Reg.), Yuvaka/Yuvathi Mandalas." |
| 20 || Uchila Mogaveera Sabha || "Anganwadi School, D.K.M.H.Vedike?s Mahalaxmi English Medium Higher Primary School, Mahalaxmik English Medium High School. " || Vidya Pracharaka Sangha. |
| 21 || Moolur Mogaveera Sabha || "Govt. Higher Primary School, Govt. High School. " || "Hale Vidyarthi Sangha, Veeramaruthi Vyayama Shale, Vidyadhayaka Sangha." |
| 22 || Kaup Mogaveera Sabha || Govt. Higher Primary Schoop. || |
| 23 || Polipu Mogaveera Sabha || "Govt.Higher Primary Schoo, Govt. High School, " || |
| 24 || Kaipunjal Mogaveera Sabha || Govt. Higher Primary School. || |
| 25 || Kote Mogaveera Sabha || "Sandipani High School, Mattu" || |
| 26 || Udyavara Mogaveera Sabha || "Government Primary School, Pithrodi" || |
| 27 || Kadekar Mogaveera Sabha || || |
| 28 || Malpe Aelooru Samyukta Patna || "Shishu Mandira, Government Primary School, High School and Pre-University College Malpe." || |
| 30 || Kallianpura || || Shri Balamaruthi Vyayama Shale |
| 31 || Kudurukare || || Balajeneya Vyayama Shale |
| 32 || "Thonse, Hoode" || || "Shri Krishna Maruthi Vyayama Shale, Hoode" |
| 33 || 1st Thottam Mogaveera Sabha || || |
| 34 || Koodi Bengre || || |
Educational, other Educational institutions and social institutions mainly from Barkur Samyukta Patna of Barkur Hobali and Bagwadi Hobali require to be added. Effort is being made to complete this list with the help of people from the respective places.
In village level as well as for groups of villages several youth organizations were formed and are attending social work. Taluka/District level Mogaveera Youth Organizations were formed. However, it cannot be said that they are apex bodies representing all village level youth organizations. Information in respect of all the three Taluka/District level Youth organizations is given hereafter.
Udupi District Mogaveera Yuva Sanghatane:
This organisation is a registered institution. The administration is with an elected Managing committee of around 30 members. There are around 31 branch offices through which the activities are to be conducted. This institution is in forefront in organising Mogaveera conferences, cultural activities and training youth for social service. The work relating finding out suitable match for youth of marriageable age and also conducting mass marriage in a simple (inexpensive way) needs to be appreciated. This institution and Shri G.Shankar Family Trust (Reg.), Ambalpadi (Udupi) came together and coordinated their charity works for the benefit of Mogaveera community.
Bagwadi Hobali Mogaveera Yuva Shakti:
This institution, having their head-quarters in Kundapur was sponsored by MMSSBH to train and bring into main stream the youth for the social service activities. For the sake of convenience, the four ’Ghatakas’ (divisions) have been created, which are,
- Bayndur and
- Haaladi (Shankarnarayana).
This organization is actively participating in all activities of their parent organization and works mainly for the development of youth.
Dakshina Kannada Yuva Vedike: This is an organization of Mogaveera youths of Dakshina Kannada District started in the year 2009. It has its oofice as Kulai Anusha Building, Mangalore. This institution is still in formative stage.
Mogaveera community has started many charitable institutions. Few have been started by the Grama Sabhas, Samyukta Patnas, DKMMS and MMSSBH. Similarly, educated Mogaveeras came together and started charitable institutions at native place and outside, such as, Mumbai, Bangalore and even abroad. In the course of this compilation, many of such charitable institutions have been dealt with and are not repeated here. Few important institutions are discussed here.
Dakshina Kannada Mogaveera Hithsadana Vedike, Uchila:
This institution was started in 1978 and was formally registered in the year 1980. This institution was registered with Income-tax Department and also obtained exemption certificate u/s.80G of the I.T.Act, 1961. The aims and objects of the institution are that to serve the society in general and Mogaveera community in particular.
Important areas of Service:
This institution rendered yomen services during the times of natural calamities, such as, sea erosion, tragedies like fire (at Maple) etc. The district level sport meets, awarding merit certificates and scholarships, training job aspirants to various recruitment examinations can be cited. This institution has also been in fore front in various agitations to secure the legitimate benefits to the Mogaveera community, such as, waiver of loan during fish-famine and organizing meetings with Chief Minister (Shri Ramakrishna Hegde) for securing subsidy for diesel for fishermen.
Service in the field of Education: In the year 1987 an English medium school was started at Uchila in a rented premise at the initiative of late Shri N. M. Kotian and Shri H.P. Puthran. Thereafter an up to date school building was built in stages adjacent to N.H.17 (N.H.66), (near Mahalaxmi Temple, Uchila) with all the facilities, such as, an Auditorium, Library, Science Laboratory and Computer Centre. The Pre-Primary school, Primary School, Higher Primary School and a High School are operating now with student strength of around 600 students. The donation for purchase of land came from late Shri Ragunath Kotian, and major donation from late Smt.Sushila S. Puthran. Greatfull institution has named the High School as “Kethu Marakala Mane Mulky Sankappa B.Puthran Mahalaxmi English Medium High School”. In the academic year 2009-10, school has achieved 100% result in SSC which is a record for any rural English medium school at Karnataka State. Picture of Mahalaxmi English Medium High School, Uchila is given below.
Shri G.Shankar Family Trust, Udupi: Shri G.Shankar Family Trust was incorporated on 22nd June, 2002 by Shri G. Sgankar (later Dr.G.Shankar), a social worker and businessman to initiate and implement pro-people schemes and programmes for the upliftment of economically and socially backward people of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts and to uplift fisher folks communities by initiating latest techniques in fishing, providing financial assistance and necessary equipments. This trust is doing excellent work in the fields of education, health care, religion, social & culture etc. All charitable work done by this trust cannot be listed here. A brochure brought out by the trust can be seen.
In the field of Education:
The trust has started and managing a special school known as “Vagjothi Deaf, Dumb & Mentally Retarded Children’s School” at Moodubaghe, Kundapur, A high school known as “Late Soma Bangera Memorial Government High School” at Kodi Kanyana (Udupi Taluka) which has now become a Junior College, facilitated the construction of first grade collage at Manur, Kota (Udupi Taluka) with the help of local MLA, constructed and manages a professional colleges, such as Vidyanikethan Teachers’ Training Institute” which awards D.Ed. diploma. This trust donated substantial amounts to various educational institutions out of which few are noted here. (a) St. Mary’s English Medium High School, Mother of Sorrows Church, Udupi, (b) Government Pre-University College for girls, Udupi etc. The trust is also donating teaching aids, such as, computers, special grants for purchase of teaching aids etc. This trust has also been awarding scholarships, distributing books to needy students of schools and colleges which in a fair estimate comes to around Rs. 1 crore per year.
In the field of Health Care:
The trust has constructed 20 bed modern maternity ward at Government Hospital, Kundapur, facilitated the construction of a building to house the relatives of the patients who are admitted in KMC hospital, Manipal, donated several dialysis machines for the treatment of kidney ailments to several hospitals which have helped thousands of patients, donated ambulances to hospitals and health care of some villages, donated liberally to various health care institutions, such as, Red Cross (Udupi), IMA (Udupi) and helped poor patients in getting treatment in several hospitals free or in concessional rate. As already said earlier, this list is not exhaustive.
In the field of Religion:
The trust has contributed liberally towards the construction of Prasanna Ganapathi Temple, Bijapur, in the renovations of Shree Kula Mahasthri Amma Temple, Bennekuduru, Shree Mahisasura Mardhini Temple, Bagwadi (Kundapur). Several donations to various religious institutions have also been given which cannot be listed here.
In the field of Social & Culture:
The trust has donated at the time of natural calamities, such as, earthquake at Gujarat and Tsunami Relief Fund of Prime Minister. The trust has helped many aged Yakshgana artists by granting financial help periodically and paid honouriams to Mogaveera Gurikara. A special mention is necessary of the free mass marriages held for hundreds of couples by the trust. The trust has also helped several poor people in many ways which cannot be recorded for want of space.
The grateful society has honored the author of the trust by conferring several awards, such as, “Mogaveera Kularatna Award” (2006 – D.K. & Udupi Mogaveera Associations), “Sri Krishnanugraha Award” (2007 – Krishnapura Mutt, Udupi), “Karnataka Rajyotsava Award (2007 – Government of Karnataka), Doctorate (2008 – Mangalore University), “Mogaveera Kulabhushana Award” (2008 – Mumbai Mogaveera Association).
Address of the Trust: G.Shankar Family Trust (R), Shamili, N.H.17, Ambalpady, Udupi 576101 (Tel. 0820-2533094).
Mogaveeras have built many organizations/institutions and also part of building several organization/institutions with other fishermen. These institutions are not discussed as they have been dealt with under the head “Mogaveera Occupations”. Few are cited here for reference. They are 68 Fishermen /Fisherwomen Primary Co-operative Ltd., D.K. & Udupi District Co-operative Fish Marketing Federation, Karnataka Fisheries Development Corporation, Akila Karnataka Fishermen’s Parishattu (Conference), Coastal Fishermen Action Committee etc. Other important organizations/institutions are dealt with hereafter.
Mahalaxmi Co-operative Bank Ltd, Udupi:
Fishermen needed financial assistance for purchase of boats, nets and working capital to pursue their profession. The finance was also required for meeting the untold and urgent expenses. The Scheduled Banks were not helpful and money lenders were charging prohibitive interest and impose difficult recovery schedules. Increasing need for investment in mechanized boats and modern fishing equipments added additional burden.
Bank started in 1948:
With the help of a few social workers at coastal Karnataka, Mogaveera Yuvak Sangha took the initiative to gather the initiate capital of Rs. 3 lakh and 1000 members. It also helped in getting required sanction from the Karnataka Government and Reserve Bank of India. Mogaveera Yuvaka Sangha also spent around Rs.12,000/- towards the initial expenditure. The Mahalaxmi Co-operative Bank Ltd. was started in 1949 having its first headquarters at Malpe. The headquarters were shifted to Udupi.
Apart from headquarters at Udupi, the bank had initial three branches at Mangalore, Malpe and Gangalli. Now, this co-operative bank has eight branches i.e. added five more branches. The additional branches were started at Suratkal, Hejmadi, Uchila (Padu), Kundapur.
Service to Fishermen:
With eight branches and large number of members and depositors, the bank had made considerable progress by advancing loans to fishermen and women.
Mogaveera Sangha, Bangalore:
Mogaveeras started migrating to Mumbai in the beginning of seventeenth century. But, Mogaveeras migration to Bangalore did not take place up to the beginning of eighteenth century. This is because of the fact that the present coastal Karnataka districts were with Madras Presidency. After the Karnataka State was formed, the Bangalore became the capital and Mogaveeras also started migrating to the city. In the beginning very few people settled down and were not known each other.
A few resourceful Mogaveeras at Bangalore started Mogaveera Sabha at Bangalore 9th September 1973. The first President was Shri H. Laxman Salian. Present membership has arisen to around 1000. This number of membership appears to be very small compared to the whole Mogaveeras community living at Bangalore. Even the approximate number of families and people residing at Bangalore is not known.
Bangalore Mogaveera Sangh has created a platform for bringing all Mogaveeras together at Bangalore. It had also associated with the movement of Gangamath/Mogaveera Brotherhood communities to be included in Scheduled Caste. It had taken on lease a piece of land for the purpose of building its own office premises and to build a community hall for the benefit of general public. This project is under implementation.
This organization supports the Mogaveera students by awarding merit certificates and granting scholarships. It also holds social functions, such as, get together for the members.
Address”: No.15, 17 “F” Cross, Indira Nagar, 2nd Phase, Bangalore 560038.
Mogaveera Mahajana Sangha (Regd.), Chikkamagalooru District:
Chikkamagaloor district consists of seven Talukas. They are (i) Chikkamagaloor (ii) Kadur (iii) Koppa (iv) Mudigere (iv) Narasimharajpur (v) Shringeri and (vii) Tarikeri. This organization represents all the Mogaveeras residing in Chikkamagaloor District. The organization was started in the year 2004 and the prominent founder members are (i) Shri D.L.Shankartnath (ii) Shri K.H.Narasinha and (iii) Shri K. Ramanna. They have been guided by Dr. G. Shankar who has been instrumental in starting the organization and its activities.
Aims and objects:
The main aim is to have a common platform for all Mogaveeras living in Chikkamagaloor district. It appears that they succeeded in organizing all the Mogaveeras of Information given by: Shri D. L. Shankarnath, President. Address: Shree Laxmi Complex, Dr. Abedkar Road, K.M.Road Circle, Chikkamagaloor-577101
Mogaveera Mahajana Sangha (Regd.), Shringeri Kshtra:
Mogaveeras living in three Talukas of (i) Shringeri (ii) Koppa and (iii) Narasinharajpur have formed this organization and registered in the year 2009. This organization is also part of the district level organization of Chikkamagaloor. The founder President is Shir K.S. Raju, Kodoor village.
Aims & Objects and Activities:
This organization is part of the district level organization of Chikkamagaloor and it functions on identical basis. The additional information available is that Mogaveeras settled in these three Talukas appears to have taken up agricultural activities in big way apart from other professions. Address & Information given by: Shri K.S.Raju, Contractor, Kodoor Village, Haalandoor Post, Shringeri Taluka.
Mogaveera Mahajana Sangha (Regd.), Shivamogga District:
Chikkamagaloor district consists of seven Talukas. They are (i) Shivamogga (ii) Bhadravathi (iii) Teerthalli (iv) Hosanagara (v) Sagar (vi) Sorab and (vii) Shikaripur. This organization represents all the Mogaveeras residing in Shivamogga District and also functions as an apex body for the Mogaveera Mahajana Sanghas of Talukas of Shivamogga Disitrct. The organization was started on 13th May, 2009 and the prominent founder members are (i) Shri B.M.Mahabala Rao (ii) Shri Shri Nagaraj (iii) Shri Sudhakar Mogaveera, (iv) Shri Paanduranga G. and (v) Shri Ramachandra. They have been guided by Dr. G. Shankar who has been instrumental in starting the organization and its activities.
Aims and objects:
The main aim is to have a common platform for all Mogaveeras living in Shivamogga district. It appears that they succeeded in organizing all the Mogaveeras of Shivamogga District and co-ordinating with the Mogaveera organizations at Taluka level.
Information given by: Shri B. M. Mahabala Rao, President.
Address: “Nadashree”, 5th Cross, Sheshadripura, Shankar Mutt Road, Shivamogga, 577201.
Mogaveera Mahajana Sangha (Regd.), Shivamogga Taluka:
Mogaveeras of Sagara Taluka (Shivamogga District), have started this organization in the year 2008. This organization is affiliated to Shivamogga District Mogaveera Mahajana Sangha. The aims and objects of the organization is the same as its parent organization.
From the information available, it can be said that the 32 organizers of this institution have collected basic information of majority of Mogaveeras residing in Sagar taluka which is commendable. The organizers proudly state that by forming Mogaveera Mahajana Sangha, Mogaveeras residing at Sagar taluka have their own identity as Mogaveeras and a platform for group activities. They have also able to purchase an office premises for their organization. Their aim is to build their own “Sabha Bhawan”.
This organization has taken steps to aid and assist the student community and self help programs for its members. One of the significant achievements is that they have succeeded in getting an ambulance for the benefit of public. The organizers acknowledge with gratitude the generous help of Dr. G. Shankar (Refer above for more details) who not only donated the ambulance but also financially helped them to carry out their social services.
Sagar Taluka Mogaveera Mahajana Sangha had hosted the mamouth conference Mogaveeras of Shivamogga District in which around fifteen thousand people said to have been participated.
They have also invited political leaders and important Mogaveera personalities and appraised the needs of Mogaveera community.
The current Officed Bearers of the organization are (i) President – Shri Ananda Marakala, (ii) Secretary – Shri Nagaraja R Bilagunji and (iii) Treasurer – Shri Vasudeva. The information is given by the Secretarty, Shri N.R.Bilagunji.
Address: Secretary, Mogaveera Mahajana Sangha, Sagara Taluka, 4th Cross, Gandhi Nagar, Sagar, Shivamogga District, Karnataka 577401.
The formal enquiries show that Mogaveera Mahajana Sangh (Regd.) are also functioning at Belgaum, Dharwad, Gulbarga, Haaveri, Hassan, Mysore, Karkal and other Mogaveera organization (registered or otherwise) are functioning. It is also learnt that few commercial and social institutions at the above places are also functioning which have been organized by Mogaveeras. Effort is being made to collect and verify the same for the purpose of including in this website. Information on these organizations/institutions is welcome and suitably acknowledged.
Shree Madhbharatha Mandali:
The institution known as Shree Madhbharatha Mandali founded by late Shri Rama Panji of Kannangar is the oldest religious institution at Mumbai started more than 133 years back. This institution has built a temple known as “Laxmi Narayana Mandir” at Andheri (West), Mumbai. This institution is known for keeping the tradition of “Grantha Parayana” and explaining the meanings of sacred religious texts in “Tulu” and “Kannada” to the devotees. Detailed write up is given under the head “Mogaveera Religious Practices”
Mogaveera Hobali Sabha at Mumbai.
We may recall that Mogaveeras had Mangalore, Barkur and Bagwadi Hobalies. These Hobalies were functioning without any places of their own and identities were difficult to establish. It is believed, that once in a year, all the Hobali representatives gathered in Bennekuduru Temple during the annual pooja at Shree Kulamastree Amma Temple. Mogaveera Kulagurus were the cementing factor held all the Hobalies together. In 1923 the year D.K.Mogaveera Mahajana Sangha (Mangalore & Barkur Hobalies) was formally came into being and registered in 1926. Similarly, Mogaveera Mahajan Seva Sangha (Bagwadi Hobali) was formed in 1927. The primary institution of Shreemadbharatha Mandali, Mumbai had claimed to have conducted its poojas in the premises at Ghaga Street (Bombay Stationer Mart) rented by Hobali Sabha during 1906 to 1922. This fact is recorded by many writers. This only show that in Mumbai, Mogaveera Hobali Sabha was in existence at least from 1906. However, oral statements by some elderly people give an impression that Mogaveera Hobali Sabha consisting of Mogaveeras of both Mangalore and Barkur Hobalies was in existence much before 1906.
Hadinaru (16) Patna Mogaveera Sabha at Mumbai:
According to published report dated 24th April, 1930 in Kannada News Paper "Navayuga" the "Barkuru Hobali" at Mumbai was started in the year 1884 by the sixteen Bombay branches of Mogaveera Grama Sabhas from Palimaru to Polipu. Fortunately, a copy of this report is still available. To clarify that there are sixteen Grama Sabhas are involved, it is necessary to state that Palimar village Grama Sabha was counted as twice, (i) Moodu Palimar and (ii) Padu Palimar.
Names of original sixteen Grama Sabhas:
(1) Moodu Palimar (2) Padu Palimar (3) Aachemattu (4) Mattu (5) Gundi (6) Sanna Gundi (7) Hejamadi (8) Kannagaru (9) Nadipatna (Padubidri) (10) Kaadipatna (Padubidri) (11) Thenka Yermal (12) Bada Yermal (13) Uchila (14) Mooluru (15) Kapu and (16) Polipu. In the said report it is also stated that in the year 1896, Kaipunjal (Gudde) Grama Sabha had joined the group of sixteen Grama Sabhas to make the membership to seventeen. It appears, later two Palimar Grama Sabhas merged into single unit as Palimar Grama Sabha. Therefore, this organization is later known as "Hadinarupatna Mogaveera Sabha"
The report also states that there were nine Grama Sabhas of Hejamadi Ombattu Uru (nine villages) and six Grama Sabhas of Kapu Nalkupatna were the original members. Therefore, it appears that the Samyukta Patna of Hejmadi Ealuru (seven villages) and Samyukta Patna of Padubidiri (with two villages) was a single Samyukta Patna in the beginning. It is strange that only one Grama Sabha, Kaipunjal which was part of Udyavara Hadinalkupatna has joined this organization and others have not. Probably, branches of other Grama Sabhas may not have existed in 1884/1896. The name of "Barkuru Hobali Sabha" at Bombay in 1884 may have been adopted with the hope other Grama Sabha branches would be formed and join later which did not take place.
Administrative set up:
Up to the year 1930, this organization was managed by two "Mukteshwaras" and a "Shanubhag" (Accountant). In those days, instead of "Shri" as the prefix to names of people was "Raa" indicating "Rajashri". For the sake of convenience, "Shri" is used. In the year 1929, Shri Polipu Venkkappa Bangera and Shri Gundi Ugganavaru were the "Mukteshwaras". These people expressed their desire to be relieved of their responsibilities. This led to formation of Managing committee consisting of not more than 22 members. The sixteen members were deputed by each Grama Sabhas and five were to be nominated. Under the new dispensation, a President, a Vice-President, a Secretary and a "Shanubhag" were to be appointed as the office-bearers. The first office-bears are (i) Shri Palimaru Guddanavaru, President (ii) Shri Mooluru Shanbhunavaru, Vice-President (iii) Shri Yermalu Koragappanavaru, Secretary and (iv) Shri Kannagaru Kanthunavaru, "Shanubhag". The names of seventeen members were also listed. In the year 1934, a written Rules and regulations were adopted. It appears, thereafter, regularly annual reports were published. The account books from 1889 onwards and copies of minutes of the meetings are also available.
Income and activities:
The members of Grama Sabha Branch at Bombay are expected to pay yearly membership fees which used to be collected by respective Grama Sabhas and deposited with this organization. This organization appears to have started a "Marana Fund" which is evident from signed elaborate Rules and Regulations in a book. But, functional details are not available. This organization functioned in the same way any Samyukta Patna functioned at native place. Therefore, it had powers to decide internal disputes between its members and fine them (including banning from attending community functions). It had advanced its capital to its members on obtaining securities of title deeds of land, gold and personal securities. It also reported to have helped its members who deserved help. A list of 1141 people residing at Bombay in 1894 with names of the villages they belong from Ullal to Kundapur show that a large number of our people were residing at Bombay even at that time. This list was prepared for the purpose of applying to Madras Government for salt (Mannuppu) permit.
Transition & Litigation:
Unfortunately, it appears that there was a dispute among the members and legal notices through solicitors were exchanged in the year 1931 after the new committee took over. The rival group claimed that this organization represented all the 117 Grama Sabhas of Mangalore Hobali and Barkuru Hobali. The results of these legal notices are not known. From the papers available, it appears that Hadinaru Patna Mogaveera Sabha consisting of sixteen Grama Sabha branches at Mumbai continued. It is sad that an organization which settled disputes among the members were subjected to such legal proceedings probably gave hint of the events in store for Mogaveera community in the future.
Census in 1936:
This institution was credited with having its office at Fort area of Mumbai was active in social work and it had conducted census of Mogaveeras of sixteen villages (from Palimaru to Kaipunjal) residing at Mumbai and native place. The detailed census was undertaken in July 1936. The details of the census are available in an article written by me in "Mogaveera" (January 2001 page 25). A specimen of circular dated 2nd July, 1936 is given below.
The one page information gathered during the census of Uchila village residing at Mumbai is given below.
The final analyse of the data in respect of all the 16 villages are not available.
Activities at Native Place:
This institution had purchased land at Uchila adjacent to N.H.17 (66) in the year 1943 and constructed a building in the year 1947 with ground plus one floor, In this building at least two schools have conducted their classes. One is Saraswathi Mandira Higher Primary School, Uchila and the second is D.K.Mogaveera Hithasadhana Vedike's (DKMHV) Mahalaxmi English Medium High School, Uchila. A portion of the land was sold later to DKMH Vedike and DKMH Vedike had built an English Medium High School. The major portion of the land was sold to Mahalaxmi Housing Colony, Uchila where residential housing colony of Mogaveeras known as Mahalaxmi Housing Colony, Uchila has come up. At native place and in Mumbai, this institution is not active at present. A photo of the building at Uchila is included in Chapter "Picture Gallery" as it is likely that this building may be demolished for widening N.H. 17 (66).
Mogaveera Vyasthapaka Mandali:
So far as Mogaveera charitable institutions are concerned, Mogaveera Vyasthapaka Mandali (Mandali) can be considered as first one. It was established on 9th August, 1902 by the social workers. The constitution was adopted in 1902. In the beginning, the name was Mangalore Mogera Vyasthapaka Maandali. The first Annual report was prepared as on 31-12-1902. Mogaveera Clerks Union was merged into Mandali on 28th August, 1921 infusing fresh blood. The name was changed into “Mogaveera Vyasthapaka Mandali” in the year 1921. The Mandali adopted a new constitution and was registered in the year 1929. “Mogaveera Dharmodharaka Mandali” which was established by Mogaveeras in 1927, merged with M.V.Mandali in the year 1941. Mandali appointed a representative in South Kenera in the year 1948 to coordinate its welfare activities at the native place. Mandali has created a Ladies Wing and Youth Wing to encourage both ladies and youths to participate in its activities. A full fledged branch office was started at Suratkal and a branch office was opened in Domivali, eastern suburb of Mumbai.
Census of Mogaveeras at Mumbai:
An informal census was conducted in the year 1922 and the estimated Mogaveeras residing at Mumbai was 650 and 50% were literate. Similar exercises were conducted and census data were reported in 1923, 1924 and 1929. The last report of 1929 reported the total number of Mogaveeras residing at Mumbai at 1075. It consists of 864 men, 100 women, 77 boys and 34 girls. The figures reported show that men were predominantly more compared to women and children.
Early Educational activities:
A school known as “Mogaveera Poor Boys’ Night High School” which was later revised as “Mogaveera Night High School” was started in 1908 and was in operation till 1917. In the year 1921, the Night High School was reopened again and English medium section was also opened later. In the year 1938, the total number of students reached a large number of 451. Students were encouraged to join Scouts and rendering service. A school for girls was opened in the year 1930 and was later handed over to Bombay Municipal Corporation in the year 1933. A day school for boys was started in the year 1940 and was also handed over to Bombay Municipal Corporation. Mogaveera Guards, a service wing was also created which render service in many occasions. Mandali started awarding scholarship in the year 1904. It facilitated in the year 1919 Shri Koragappa Salian of Bockapatna on his passing four year Sanitary Engineering course from Victoria Technical Institute, Mumbai. This tradition was continued and thousands of students benefited. A Free Reading Room & Library was opened for the benefit of students and public.
Distinguished Visitors In the year 1931,
Mogaveera Kulaguru Shri Madhava Mangala Poojarya and Shri Karnad Sadashiva Rao, in the year 1933, Smt.Sarojini Naidu and in the year 1937 Shri Jawarlal Nehru, Shri Krishna Menon, Shri T.A.Pai visited the school. Several other dignitaries from Karnatka, S/Shri B.M.Srikantayya, D.R.Bendre, Govinda Pai, R.R.Diwakar etc. have also visited the Mandali and school and wrote appreciating notes in the visitor’s book.
Kannada “Mogaveera” quarterly was started in the year 1939 and has the proud privilege of uninterrupted publication till date. “Mogaveera” became monthly magazine in June, 1961. Golden Jubilee was celebrated in 1989 and Diamond Jubilee celebrations were held in the year 1999. It is considered as the oldest Kannada Monthly published outside the State of Karnataka. It had won several awards for the excellence and longevity of publication. Later it also allotted some portion for publishing articles written in English. Now it is nearing the land mark of completing 70 years of uninterrupted publication. Mandali has also published and assisted in publication of books. Mandali has also participated in several literary meets. Address: Mogaveera, 8, Nanabhai Lane, Fort, Mumbai 400001. Tel.022-22870882.
Mogaveera Co-operative Bank:
Mandali has taken steps to promote “Mogaveera Co-operative Bank Ltd” and the bank became functional on 19th March, 1946. Now the bank has six branches and several ATMs at the service of the customers. It also renders several services, such as, General Insurance, Life Insurance etc. to its customers. It is considered as oldest cooperative bank of migrated people in Mumbai.
Shree Mahalaxmi Co-operative Housing Society:
Mahalaxmi Co-operative Housing Society at Andheri (West), Mumbai was promoted and was established in 1963. It enabled at least 250 Mogaveera families to own their own flats. This co-operative society later donated land for construction of Shreemadhbharatha Mandali’s Shree Laxminarayana Mandir and made available land for Mandali for constructing school building at Andheri.
Help to other Institutions: Few instances are given hereafter.
- Sarva Hobali Sabha, a branch office of D.K.Mogaaveera Mahajan Sangha which was functioning at Mumbai was in difficulty because of internal difference between the Managing Committee members. Several attempt to settle the dispute by the parent body failed and the belongings of the Hobali were kept in the office of Mandali in 1993 and was later transferred to Mahalaxmi Temple, Uchila in the year 1957.
- Jawarlal Night High School was to close in the year 1958 and the students studying in S.S.C were accommodated in the Mogaveera Night High School.
- Shreemadhbharatha Mandali of Mumbai was to vacate the premises at French Bank and was not having any place to continue their activities. Mandali accommodated them till 1962 when they found a place on rent.
- Participated in the activities of Samyukta Karnataka Sangha from 1934 onwards and helped the organization in their activities.
- Participated in various Kannada Sahitya Parishatu meetings and Horanadu Kannadiga Sneha Sammelanas.
- It can be noted with pride that many of the Office bearers who participated in Samyukta Karnataka Sangha, Kannada Sahithya Parishatu and Horanadu Kannadigara Sneha Sammelana were appointed to held important positions.
Assistance to Students: Loan Scholarship for students’ pursuing professional courses and free scholarships for certain categories students are also granted. Mandali also facilitates Mogaveera students for the achievements in passing various examinations.
Jubilee Celebrations: Mandali celebrated its Silver Jubilee in the year 1927, Golden Jubilee in the year 1954, Platinum Jubilee in the year 1978 and Centenary celebration in the year 2002. On all the occasions, attractive souvenirs were brought out which recorded the achievements of the Mandali. The institutions started and sponsored by Mandali have also celebrated Silver Jubilee and Golden Jubilee. To name a few, we can quote “Mogaveera” Monthly, Mogaveera Co-operative Bank, Mogaveera Night High School etc. An ambitious program known as “Mogaveera Vision 2010” is under implementation.
Education Campus at Andheri: The beginning was made in the year 1970 by opening Kindergarden (K.G) classes in the residential premises; it shifted to school building in the year 1978. The school sent its first batch of students for S.S.C examination in the year 1980. It has a full fledged computer centre, science laboratory, library and a play ground for the benefit of the students. The student strength had reached 2500 with more than 58 teachers.
- (i) MVM’s Ankur (Playgroup) & Pre-Primary School
- (ii) MVM’s Bengare G.P.Suvarna Primary School
- (iii) MVM’s Swami Muktananda High School
- (iv) MVM’s Degree College of Commerce & Science (Bachelor of Management Studies (BMS)
- (v) Bachelor of Science in Information Technology at Andheri (Mumbai)
- (vi) MVM’s Ankur (Play group),Dombivali Branch at Thane District.
Highlights of Present Charitable Activities: Mandali is conducting the above mentioned educational institutions at Mumbai at their educational campus at Andheri and Domivali. Ambititious programs of building suitable educational facilities are under way. Apart from this, Mandali has also purchased land at Suratkal and is in the process of starting educational/medical facilities. Few important areas of charitable work in implementation are given hereafter.
- Grants fee concession, Free Scholarships and Loan Scholarship to deserving students
- Awards Merit Scholarships to students
- Grants Medical help to patients and assists in educating and marriage of the widow’s children
- Conducts sports and athletic events, grants cash assistance to outstanding sport persons and “Kadala Parbhas” at native place;
- Helps and assists Mogaveera community people and institutions on several ways
- Mandali is constructing additional building in their Andheri Educational Complex
- Mandali has also a plan to develop facilities at Surtkal for its charitable activities.
Proposed Educational Complex of M V Mandali.
For the above activities, Mandali needs large fund and sent in an “Appeal” for contribution. For more details, please see history of M.V.Mandali written by Shri Shankar Hosabettu and Website: www.mogaveera.org.
Address: Mogaveera Bhavan, Veera Desai Road, Andheri (West), Mumbai 400058. Tel.022-26772714. Telefax 022-26772844.
Mogaveera Yuvaka Sangha: Mogaveera Yuvaka Sangha (Yuvaka Sangha) was started on 1st September, 1934 (Shree Krishnaasthami day) by Mogaveera youths to eradicate superstition, illiteracy, child marriage, menace of dowry system etc. and to bring in progressive approach in solving the problems of Mogaveera community in particular and whole society in general. In a way, this institution has done yomen service, to whole society. Yuvaka Sangha was formally registered under the Bombay Public Trust Act, 1950 in the year 1983.
Member’s Oath: One particular aspect needs mention here is that its members are required to take an oath that they will not take dowry, will not participate in child marriage, etc. and actively propagate the Yuvaka Sangha’s aims and objects.
Associate organizations: To carry out its aims and objectives, the Yuvaka Sangha started many associate institutions. A well stocked Kannada library was started which was the source for many research scholars at Mumbai. Series of lectures by eminent authors were arranged for the benefit of general public. It encouraged its members to form drama groups who staged several dramas in both Kannada and Tulu language. To serve the public at large, Mogaveera Yuvaka Sevadal was created in the year 1938. An Annual House Journal was started in the year 1939 for the purpose of encouraging writers. To help youth to find employment, an Employment Bureau was started in the year 1940. An Industrial school for women was started in the year 1949 at Mumbai and two branches were also started at native place. To serve the consumers Yuvaka Sangha started “The Fort Consumer Co-operative Soceity in the year 1947.
Social Reforms: Yuvaka Sangha was in forefront in anti-dowry and anti-child marriage movement. Apart from spreading awareness, it went to the extent of contesting child marriage in a court of law and got such child marriage annulled. The Magistrate who passed the judgment appreciated the effort of Yuvaka Sangha in his judgment stating that such an instance was first in Mumbai. Yuvaka Sangha also propagated the need for widow remarriage. Yuvaka Sangha campaigned against consumption of alcohol by individuals and serving alcohol in social functions. In 1937, interim Government formed by Congress at Bombay Presidency included representatives of Yuvaka Sangha as one of the advisors. Similarly, campaign against smoking was carried out. At the positive side, it encouraged good behavior and self-help. Yuvaka Sangha though established at Mumbai took keen interest in the social status of Mogaveera community. A section of Mogaveera community known as ‘Melanta’ were not treated as equal and some restriction were in operation. This discrimination was not accepted by many educated social workers in the Mogaveera community. Prominent among them are Shri Monappa Tingalaya and Shri Srinivas Gurikara etc. Yuvaka Sangha joined these stalwarts in removing this discrimination and sent their representative to the meeting called by the D.K.Mogaveera Mahajana Sangha. Finally, so called Melantas were given equal status in the Mogaveera community.
In Aide of Victims of Natural Calamities: Yuvaka Sangha reached out in its service towards various natural calamities of 1940s of Madras, Bihar, Bengal Famine, Bijapur Famine etc. by helping the victims with money and materials. During 1954, coastal Karnataka districts were hit by natural calamity by way sea erosion with flooding. Yuvaka Sangha representatives camped at native villages and collected data of the damages. They appraised the District Collector and then visited the concerned Ministers of Madras Government (it is before state reorganization) at Madras. They presented the data and claimed the compensation. It is reported more than 24 Rampani Phandus etc. got relief which enabled them to restart their earning activities.
Political Field: Yuvaka Sangha being a social institution did not indulge in politics. But it collected funds for “Pandit Nehru National Fund” organized after Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru released from jail in 1945. It took keen interest in Municipal affairs and campaigned for Mogaveera candidates. Shri Y.B.Kundar and Shri M.S.Dayakar had become members of Muncipal Corporation at Mumbai and Mangalore respectively because of the support extended.
Sponsored Great Initiatives: Yuvaka Sangha was one of the sponsarers of Maha-Mysore Fishermen’s Conference (Parishattu) in 1957 which included all fishermen communities of then Mysore State. This organization was renamed as “Akila Karnataka Fishermen’s Parishattu” after Karnataka State was formed on state reorganization. They have actively participated in all subsequent conferences.
Protected Fishermen’s Interests: Yuvaka Sangha took keen interest in preserving sea for fishing and participated in the protests against the pollution of sea at Karwar by Binaga Industries in 1973 and against the pollution of Gurpur River in 1975. Yuvaka Sangha also supported the protest against the draconian bill called “Karnataka Fisheries Conservation, Development & Regulation Bill 1977" which proposed licensing fishing and fish marketing at all levels. Due to massive protest by Mogaveera community this bill was dropped.
Sponsored Mahalaxmi Bank: Yuvaka Sangha also sponsored Mahalaxmi Co-operative Bank Ltd., Udupi (1978) and incurred initial expenditure. For more details, please see Shree Mahalaxmi Co-operative Bank Ltd.
Mile Stones: Yuvaka Sangha celebrated Golden Jubilee in the year 1990. During 1997, Yuvaka Sangha brought out “Bombay Mogaveera Directory – 1997” with around 6000 entries on Mogaveeras at Mumbai. Diamond Jubilee in the year 2000.
Mogaveera Chambers of Commerce: Recently, an organization known as “Mogaveera Chambers of Commerce” Mumbai has been lunched to organize the professionals and businessmen of Mogaveera community in Mumbai.
A large number of Mogaveeras are working or permanently settled down abroad. There are several Mogaveera institutions created by people in different countries. Among the known institutions are
This well educated and well-to-do people and their institutions are not connected to the parent Mogaveera Organisations. The data is under collection and will be added later.
- Mogaveers Bahrain (Kingdom of Bahrain) and
- Mogaveers USE (Dubai – United Arab Emirates).
Mogaveeras were in forefront in organizing their society and occupation. The traditional organizations, such as, Grama Sabhas, Samyukta Patnas, Hobalies, Apex Bodies of the Mogaveera traditional organizations are estimated at 370. Mahila Samajas organized on the basis of Grama Sabhas are around 75. The Schools, colleges, and other institutions created for the purpose of education are around 35. The religious organizations, such as, Temples, Moolasthans, Bhajana Mandiras, Daivasthans, etc, is estimated at 126. Prominent Mogaveera charitable institutions including Taluka level Youth Organisations can be placed at around at 20 Fishing/Fish trade organizations, such as primery Fishermen/Fisherwomen co-operatives and their apex bodies can be taken at 75. Effort to get complete data is under way. Pending the same, total number of Mogaveeras organizations/institutions can safely be estimated at 700.